Allergic properties of enzymatically hydrolyzed peanut flour extracts. 2013


Allergenic properties of enzymatically hydrolyzed peanut flour extracts.



Peanut flour is a high-protein, low-oil, powdered material prepared from roasted peanut seed. In addition to being a well-established food ingredient, peanut flour is also the active ingredient in peanut oral immunotherapy trials. Enzymatic hydrolysis was evaluated as a processing strategy to generate hydrolysates from peanut flour with reduced allergenicity.


Soluble fractions of 10% (w/v) light roasted peanut flour dispersions were hydrolyzed with the following proteases: Alcalase (pH 8.0, 60°C), pepsin (pH 2.0, 37°C) or Flavourzyme (pH 7.0, 50°C) for 60 min. Western blotting, inhibition ELISA and basophil activation tests were used to examine IgE reactivity.


Western blotting experiments revealed the hydrolysates retained IgE binding reactivity and these IgE-reactive peptides were primarily Ara h 2 fragments regardless of the protease tested. Inhibition ELISA assays demonstrated that each of the hydrolysates had decreased capacity to bind peanut-specific IgE compared with nonhydrolyzed controls. Basophil activation tests revealed that all hydrolysates were comparable (p > 0.05) to nonhydrolyzed controls in IgE cross-linking capacity.


These results indicate that hydrolysis of peanut flour reduced IgE binding capacity; however, IgE cross-linking capacity during hydrolysis was retained, thus suggesting such hydrolysates are not hypoallergenic.

Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

 Link to:
Shi X, Guo R, White BL, Yancey A, Sanders TH, Davis JP, Burks AW, Kulis M.
Allergic properties of enzymatically hydrolyzed peanut flour extracts. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2013;162(2):123-30.

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